The first highways were laid in the beginning. 20th century Mainly in place of trade routes Nigeria occupies one of the leading places in Tropical Africa in terms of transport availability and density of the road network. Air and sea traffic connects it with many countries of the world.
The main mode of transport is road, which provides approx. 95% of freight and passenger traffic. The first highways were laid in the beginning. 20th century mainly at the site of trade routes.
The total length of highways is 193.2 thousand rubles. km (59.9 thousand km of roads have hard surface, 1,194 km of which are highways) – 2001. The country has practically no road safety system, there is also a very simplified procedure for obtaining a driver’s license (they were issued in 1998-2004) 4.32 million).
As a result, approx. 30 thousand traffic accidents, in which from 8 to 10 thousand people die. In the summer of 2005, in the city of Kano (the north of the country), which is dominated by a mixed population, separate transportation of male and female passengers was introduced on public transport.
The first railway – Lagos – Abeokuta – was built in 1895-1898. The total length of railways (mainly narrow gauge) is 3557 km (2004). The average maximum speed by rail is 65 km / h. OK. 50% of the locomotive fleet has exceeded their service life and need to be replaced. At the end. In the 1990s, China provided financial assistance for the reconstruction of railways.
The country has a well-developed system of maritime transport, which includes the complex of ports in the Niger Delta (Warri, Koko and Sapele), ports in Calabar, Lagos (Tin Ken and Apapa), Onna and Port Harcourt.
The first railway – Lagos – Abeokuta – was built in 1895-1898. Bonnie and Burutu are specialized seaports for shipping oil. The merchant fleet numbers 303 ships, incl. 29 oil tankers and 4 chemical tankers (2002).
The length of river waterways (navigation has been established along the Benue, Cross, Niger rivers, as well as along the Chad Island and along the coast of the Gulf of Guinea) – 8.6 thousand km (2004).
Mainly cargo transportation is carried out by waterways. Air transport is developing intensively. There are 70 airports and airstrips (36 of them have a hard surface) – 2005.
International airports are located in the cities of Lagos (named after Murtala Mohammed), Abuja, Calabar, Kano and Port Harcourt. There is one specialized port for helicopters. A well-developed system of pipelines, established in 1958: an oil pipeline (3638 km), a gas pipeline (1896 km), as well as a pipeline for pumping gas condensate (105 km) and refined products (3626 km) – 2004.